Development of Chemistry V10 Jacobus Henricus van t Hoff

ISBN: 9780415179225

Published: November 11th 2004

Hardcover

260 pages


Description

Development of Chemistry V10  by  Jacobus Henricus van t Hoff

Development of Chemistry V10 by Jacobus Henricus van t Hoff
November 11th 2004 | Hardcover | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, AUDIO, mp3, ZIP | 260 pages | ISBN: 9780415179225 | 4.72 Mb

Jacobus Henricus van t Hoff, Jr. (30 August 1852 – 1 March 1911) was a Dutch physical and organic chemist and the first winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He is best known for his discoveries in chemical kinetics, chemical equilibrium, osmotic pressure, and stereochemistry. Van t Hoffs work in these subjects helped found the discipline of physical chemistry as it is today.The third of seven children, Van t Hoff was born in Rotterdam, Netherlands. His father was Jacobus Henricus van t Hoff, Sr., a physician, and his mother was Alida Kolff van t Hoff.

From a young age, he was interested in science and nature, and frequently took part in botanical excursions. In his early school years, he showed a strong interest in poetry and philosophy. He considered Lord Byron to be his idol.Against the wishes of his father, Van t Hoff chose to study chemistry. First, he enrolled at Delft University of Technology in September 1869, and studied until 1871, when he passed his final exam on at 8 July and obtained a degree of chemical technologist. He passed all his courses in two years, although the time assigned to study was three years.

Then he enrolled at University of Leiden to study chemistry. He then studied in Bonn, Germany with Friedrich Kekulé and in Paris with C. A. Wurtz. He received his doctorate under Eduard Mulder at the University of Utrecht in 1874.In 1878, Van t Hoff married Johanna Francina Mees. They had two daughters, Johanna Francina (b. 1880) and Aleida Jacoba (b. 1882), and two sons, Jacobus Henricus van t Hoff III (b. 1883) and Govert Jacob (b.

1889). Van t Hoff died at the age of 58, on 1 March 1911, at Steglitz, near Berlin, from tuberculosis.In 1885, Van t Hoff was appointed as a member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences. Other distinctions include honorary doctorates from Harvard and Yale (1901), Victoria University, Manchester University (1903), and University of Heidelberg (1908). He was awarded the Davy Medal of the Royal Society in 1893 (along with Le Bel), and the Helmholtz Medal of the Prussian Academy of Sciences (1911).

He was also appointed Chevalier de la Légion dhonneur (1894) and Senator der Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft (1911). Van t Hoff became an honorary member of the British Chemical Society in London, the Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences in Göttingen (1892), American Chemical Society (1898), and the Académie des Sciences, in Paris (1905).

Of his numerous distinctions, Van t Hoff regarded winning the first Nobel Prize in Chemistry as the culmination of his career.



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